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Web 1.0, 2.0 & 3.0 ....

The web of data has morphed into a web of data. For instance, many people use "the Web" and "the Internet" interchangeably when they are, in fact, two different things.

The Web referred to as the world wide web (WWW) is the pages/sites we see when logged in online. The internet is a series of interconnected computer systems the web functions on, and the medium allows files and emails to travel along. In other words, the internet is the highway system that connects many cities and the Web is the collection of rest stops, gas stations, convenience stores, and other stops. There's more than one version of the web.

The semantic wave embraces the three stages of internet growth.

  • Web 1.0 was about connecting information and getting to the web.

  • Web 2.0 was about connecting people putting the "I" in the user interface and "we" into the web of social participation.

  • Web 3.0 is happening now and is about representing meanings, connecting knowledge, and putting them in ways that make our experience of the internet more relevant, useful, and enjoyable.

Web 1.0

This first version of the web consisted of a few people creating web pages for a large number of readers. As a result, people could get information by going directly to the source. The WWW or Web 1.0 is a system of interlinked, hypertext documents accessed via the Internet.

The first implementation of the web represents web 1.0, which, according to Berners-Lee, could be considered the "read-only web." In other words, the early web allowed us to search for information and read it. There was very little in the way of user interaction or content contribution. However, this is exactly what most website owners wanted: Their goal for a website was to establish an online presence and make their information available to anyone at any time. Essentially, it is a Content Delivery Network (CDN) that facilitates displaying information on websites.

Four design essentials of a Web 1.0 site include:

  1. Static pages.

  2. Content is served from the server’s file system.

  3. Pages built using Server Side Includes or Common Gateway Interface (CGI).

  4. Frames and Tables are used to position and align the elements on a page.

Web 2.0

People Mostly call Web 2.0 the "read-write" web because users can generate content and make it accessible to billions of other users in an instant. It has been around for the past two decades, and it has completely replaced Web 1.0's bland platforms. Tim O’Reilly popularized web 2.0 as an expression when he wrote a fairly coherent definition.

This Internet form emphasizes User-Generated Content (UGC), ease of use, interactivity, and improved compatibility with other systems and devices. If Web 1.0 was called “the read-only Web,” Web 2.0 is known as “the participative social Web.” Web 2.0 is a better, more enhanced version of its predecessor, incorporating web browser technologies such as JavaScript frameworks.

Features of Web 2.0
  1. Free sorting of information, permits users to retrieve and classify the information collectively.

  2. Dynamic content that is responsive to user input.

  3. Information flows between the site owner and site users by means of evaluation & online commenting.

  4. Developed APIs to allow self-usage, such as by a software application.

  5. Web access leads to concerns different, from the traditional Internet user base to a wider variety of users.

Usage of Web 2.0
  • Blogging

  • Networking

  • Tagging

  • Podcasting

  • Internet of Things (IoT)

  • Bookmarking on social media

  • RSS-based curation

  • Voting on web content

Web 3.0

It refers to the evolution of web utilization and interaction which alters the web into a database. In this, data isn't owned but instead shared, where services show different views for the same web/same data. Those services can be applications (like browsers, virtual worlds, or anything else), devices, or others, and have to be focused on context and personalization, and both will be reached by using vertical search.

Web 3.0 is an era in which we will upgrade the back-end of the Web, after a decade of focus on the front-end (Web 2.0 has mainly been about AJAX, tagging, and other front-end user-experience innovations.)

By extending Tim Berners-Lee's explanations, the Web 3.0 would be something akin to a "read-write-execute" web. Web 3.0 is defined as the creation of high-quality content and services produced by gifted individuals using web 2.0 technologies as an enabling platform.

Typical Web 3.0 characteristics:
  • It's a semantic web, where the web technology evolves into a tool that lets users create, share, and connect content via search and analysis. It is based on comprehension of words instead of numbers and keywords.

  • It incorporates Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning. If these concepts are combined with Natural Language Processing (NLP), the result is a computer that uses Web 3.0 to become smarter and more responsive to user needs.

  • It presents the connectivity of multiple devices and applications through the Internet of Things (IoT). Semantic metadata makes this process possible, allowing all available information to be effectively leveraged. In addition, people can connect to the Internet anytime, anywhere, without needing a computer or smart device.

  • It offers users the freedom to interact publicly or privately without having an intermediary expose them to risks, therefore offering people “trust-less” data.

  • It uses 3-D graphics. In fact, we already see this in computer games, virtual tours, and e-commerce.

  • It facilitates participation without needing authorization from a governing body. It’s permission-less.

  • It can be used for:

  • Metaverses: A 3D-rendered, boundless, virtual world

  • Blockchain games: They allow users to have actual ownership of in-game resources, following the principles of NFTs

  • Privacy and digital infrastructure: This use includes zero-knowledge proofs and more secure personal information

  • Decentralized finance. This use includes payment Blockchains, peer-to-peer digital financial transactions, smart contracts, and cryptocurrency

  • Decentralized autonomous organizations. Community members own online communities

Comparison of Web 1.0, Web 2.0 & Web 3.0

Similarities Between Web 1.0, Web 2.0 & Web 3.0
  • They all deal with the relationship between end-users and information

  • They all provide users with an iteration of the “read” function

  • They all rely on the Internet to expedite their tasks

Features of Web 1.0, Web 2.0 & Web 3.0

Looking Beyond Web 3.0

There is already talk of a Web 4.0 speculation is rampant and addressing the decentralization issues raised by Web 3.0. Decentralization isn't perfect and will require extensive fine-tuning if it's adopted on a large scale.

Web 4.0 will be the ultimate step in Web evolution, with users accessing the Web via physical implants! Depending on your sensibilities, that is either a very cool idea or an obsolete nightmare.

And for anyone who thinks that idea is too much in the realm of science fiction, remember that we have wearable tech in the present, things like FitBits, or heart monitors that send information to the patient’s Primary Care Provider.

But no matter what Web 4.0 will look like, it's still decades away. So, for now, the IT world is busy trying to implement Web 3.0 fully.

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